� Charlie Hamilton James (UK) Treading Water
Commended Gerald Durrell Award for Endangered Wildlife
While making a film about giant otters in Cocha Salvador, Peru, Charlie grew to know this four-month-old cub well. He was full of personality, says Charlie. This portrait was taken lying down in a boat, and the cub was as curious about Charlie as Charlie was about it, craning its neck while treading water. These highly social animals are the largest of all the otters, and live within slow-moving rivers and lakes in the Amazon. But this habitat is being rapidly destroyed and degraded by logging, mining, pollution and overfishing, and the number of giant otters left in the wild is declining fast. They are listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List. Location: Cocha Salvador, Man� National Park, Peru. Technical details: Canon EOS-1D Mark IV + 800mm lens; 1/1600 sec at f5.6; ISO 1000.
� Jordi Chias Pujol (Spain) Turtle gem
Commended Underwater Worlds
Arme�ime, a small cove off the coast of Tenerife, is a hotspot for green sea turtles, which come to forage on the plentiful seagrass. Jordi cruised with this one in the shallow, gin-clear water. The dazzling colours and textured patterns were mesmerising, says Jordi, and I was able to compose a picture showing just how beautiful this marine treasure is. Like the other seven species of sea turtle, the green sea turtle is endangered, with populations declining worldwide. They are still hunted for their eye-catching shells, and are also threatened by egg poaching, human-made developments on their nesting beaches and entanglement in fishing nets. Location: Arme�ime, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. Technical details: Canon EOS 7D + Tokina 1017mm lens at 10mm; 1/80 sec at f11; ISO 160; custom-made housing;
two Inon flashes.
� Jasper Doest (The Netherlands) Relaxation
Commended Animal Portraits
Jasper found about 30 Japanese macaques enjoying a steamy soak in the hot spring pools of Jigokudani Valley. He watched with delight as this youngster became increasingly drowsy. Its an honour when an animal trusts you enough to fall asleep in front of you, says Jasper. I used a close-up shot to emphasise the human likeness in both face and pleasure. This troop of Japanese macaques lives in the mountains above the valley, but in the 1960s they started to venture down from their forest habitat on winter days, to warm themselves in the hot springs, returning to the forest to sleep. This sort of learned behaviour, passed from generation to generation, is common in Japanese macaques. Location: Jigokudani, Japan. Technical details: Nikon D3 + 105mm f2.8 lens; 1/200 sec at f16; ISO 2000.
� Steve Winter (USA) Last wild picture - Runner-up Gerald Durrell Award for Endangered Wildlife
These 14-month-old Bengal tiger cubs, cooling off in the Patpara Nala watering hole in Bandhavgarh National Park, have between them killed three people. But the authorities didnt put them down. Instead they captured them and moved them to a facility for problem tigers in Bhopal, from which they will never be released. The reasons behind tigers attacking humans are complex and often unknown. However, as settlements, roads and agriculture increasingly encroach on tiger habitats, conflicts between humans and tigers
are set to rise, to the cost of both. There are around 3,200 wild tigers, down from 100,000 a century ago, and three of the nine tiger subspecies are extinct. Location: Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India. Technical details: Canon EOS Rebel T1i + 1022mm f3.54.5 lens; 1/200 sec at f16; ISO 400; three Nikon flashes; railmaster infrared remote trigger.